Development of HIV-1 Coreceptor Tropism Classifiers - An Approach to Improve X4 and R5X4 Viruses Prediction

Crédito da imagem: Anna Shvets no Pexels


The pathway of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection depends on the composition of a 35-amino acid variable region in its envelope, known as the V3 loop. Since this discovery, many tools have been developed to diagnose and predict viral tropism, from biochemical tests to various computational algorithms. To date, the biggest developmental difficulty is the correct prediction of X4 or R5X4-tropism virions. In this study, we evaluated some of these recommended criteria and proposed a random forest-based approach for better prediction of X4-capable (i.e., either X4-only, or R5X4-dual/mixed capability). All methods achieved a specificity higher than 87%, with geno2pheno 2.5% showing the best performance (98.2%). Nevertheless, the sensitivity (73.3%) was lower compared to the other approaches. The highest sensitivity was attained by our Complete Model with an undersampling strategy (90.1%). The accuracy of all approaches ranged from 87.4% to 93.0%. Complete Model with oversampling and Reduced Model with no balancing showed the highest MCC value (both with 0.796 score). Considering error rates and the number of explanatory variables, our main objective of increasing the ability to predict viral specimens with X4-tropism was achieved.

In Proceedings of the 13th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 3 - BIOINFORMATICS, 183-187
Letícia Raposo
Letícia Raposo
Professora Adjunta

Biomédica e matemática de formação, atualmente é professora de Estatística da UNIRIO. Ama programar nas horas vagas acompanhada de um bom café. ☕